What is Civil Engineering? Know all about Civil Engineering

What is Civil Engineering?

Civil Engineering is a branch of the engineering field which is deals with Construction, Designing, maintaining, and supervising infrastructures like Highways, Canals, Tunnels, Dams, Airports, Pipelines, Railways, and Bridges.
The Earliest Practice of civil Engineering may have Commenced between 4000 and 2000 BC in ancient Egypt In Mesopotamia (ancient Iraq) when humans started to abandon a nomadic existence and created the need for the construction of shelters. during that time, transportation became increasingly important leading to the development of the wheel and sailing (boats).

All about Civil Engineering

Here is the information about civil Engineering and required Eligibility criteria, Subjects in civil engineering, skills required for civil engineering, and top companies which you can go to for civil engineering.

Eligibility Criteria for Civil Engineering

To pursue Civil Engineering the candidate should full fill these requirements which are given below.
Diploma in Civil Engineering: Many institutes offer two or three years of Diploma courses in Civil Engineering. To get Admission to a diploma course candidate should pass the 10th exam with a minimum of 45% of marks in Science and Mathematics subjects.
Undergraduate (UG): Students should have passed the Class 10+2 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects. They should also have secured minimum aggregate marks of 60% in Mathematics, physics, and chemistry. Admissions are done through Entrance exams like JEE mains, JEE advance, EAMCET, etc.
Postgraduate (PG): candidate must have completed a B.Tech degree or B.E degree in the same specialization with a passing percentage of 60% to get admission in (PG) program. Admissions are done through entrance exams like GATE, PGCET, etc.

Top colleges for Civil Engineering in India

There are some Top 10 Engineering colleges for pursuing Civil engineering in India
  1. IIT Bombay
  2. MIT Manipal
  3. IIT Delhi
  4. IIT Madras
  5. IIT Kharagpur
  6. IIT Roorkee
  7. BITS Pilani
  8. IIT Kanpur
  9. IIT Guwahati
  10. IIT Hyderabad

Subjects in Civil Engineering

These are some core subjects of Civil Engineering that are very important to becoming a successful civil engineer.
  • Engineering mechanics
  • Strength of material
  • Hydraulics
  • Structural analysis
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Design of steel structure
  • Soil mechanics 
  • Surveying
  • Water and wastewater Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Solid mechanics
  • Design of RC structure
  • Engineering drawing and graphics
  • Industrial Engineering
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Branches of civil engineering

These are some different branches of civil engineering which are given below
  • Construction
  • Transportation
  • Hydraulic Engineering
  • Geotechnical engineering
  • Structural engineering
  • Environmental engineering
  • Water engineering

Transportation Engineering

In this branch, you are going to study designing of a transportation system that is reliable and sustainable. Transportation systems can be public or private and they include Air transport, street road transport, railways, and tunnels.

Geotechnical Engineering

In this branch, you are going to study ground properties for construction purposes. Chicking of soil quality, stone quality and this is the job of geotechnical engineers to know any vulnerabilities are there or not.

Structural Engineering

In this branch of civil engineering, you’re going to study the analysis and designing of physical infrastructures like bridges, dams, railway platforms, and overpasses. in analyzing Engineers have to do measurements and assumptions regarding the life of the structure and how it can be safer for long terms, etc.

Environmental Engineering

In this branch of civil engineering, you are going to study nature conservation and protection-related activities like solid waste treatment, handling hazardous waste material, Pollution elimination, and protection from more polluted areas.

Civil Engineering Course details

Candidates who wish to pursue an undergraduate degree in Civil Engineering can pursue it under two different degrees B.tech or Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.), both are 4-year courses that cover the subjects which are mentioned above.

Skills Require for Civil Engineering

These are some skills that are required for pursuing civil engineering which is given below
  • The candidate should be perfect in Mathematics and physics 
  • Excellent technical skills
  • Creativity
  • Ability to do work under pressure
  • Negotiating skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Team player
  • Leadership skills
  • Good time management

Top Recruiting Companies for Civil Engineering

These are some top reputed companies for civil engineers which are given below 
  • L&T
  • Tata Consulting
  • Power grid
  • Jacobs Engineering
  • Maytas infra Ltd
  • Schlumberger
  • Land transport authority
Hope you get all the information regarding Civil Engineering and all the best for your engineering career. 
If you have any doubts and any queries please feel free to ask in the comments or contact us on the contact page.

Frequently asked questions about civil engineering

What are the main subjects of civil engineering?

These are some of the main subjects of civil engineering, strength of material, structure analysis, soil mechanics, surveying, and solid mechanics.

Is civil engineering good?

Yes, if you are interested in civil engineering then you have to go for it, Civil engineers feature is very vast and reliable.

What are the top companies for civil engineers?

These are some top international and Indian companies for civil engineers, L&T, Power grid, Tata consultancy, and Jacobs engineering.

What are the top colleges for Civil engineering?

These are some top colleges of India for pursuing Civil engineering, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, BITS Pilani, and IIT madras.

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